Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology - Australian Edition
Anna Chruścik, University of Southern Queensland, Springfield
Kate Kauter, University of Southern Queensland
Eliza Whiteside, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba
Louisa Windus, University of Southern Queensland
Copyright Year: 2021
ISBN 13: 9780648769859
Publisher: University of Southern Queensland
Conditions of Use
The book contains most of the chapters one might expect to find in a good Anatomy and Physiology text. Conspicuous by its absence, the book does not contain a detailed chapter devoted to metabolism. A glossary is included and appears to be... read more
The book contains most of the chapters one might expect to find in a good Anatomy and Physiology text. Conspicuous by its absence, the book does not contain a detailed chapter devoted to metabolism. A glossary is included and appears to be thorough, and a solid reflection of the content of the book.
Only selected chapters/sections were examined for the purposes of this review. Several issues were identified in the Cardiac Physiology section (6.4). For example, the authors write that during exercise, “as [heart rate] HR continues to increase, [stroke volume] SV gradually decreases due to decreased filling time.” This is incorrect. During incremental exercise, in relatively untrained adults stroke volume initially increases and then plateaus while heart rate continues to increase, but in endurance trained athletes, while the magnitude of increase in stroke volume is greatest in the early stages, stroke volume continues to increase throughout exercise (ref: Exp Physiol 2002 Sep;87(5):613-22 // J Appl Physiol 2008 Jan;104(1):276-8). Further, to estimate maximal heart rate, the authors refer to the 220-age equation. This equation is generally considered inferior to the Tanaka equation (208-(0.7 x age)) (ref: J Am Coll Cardiol 2001 Jan;37(1):153-6). There are other examples throughout the book where accuracy appears to have been compromised for clarity. For example, the glycolysis description in chapter 9, section 5, “Types of Muscle Fibres” appears to be a little too simplistic. "Lactic acid" doesn’t cause fatigue, rather it is more likely to be the increased concentration of hydrogen ions that contribute to the decreased ability of skeletal muscle to maintain force production. However, it is noted that the book is intended for use by first year students of anatomy and physiology. Thus, in this regard, clarity may be more important than accuracy.
The content appears mostly up-to-date, aside from one or two sub-sections highlighted above.
A strength of this book is the clarity and the style in which it is written. The language is not likely to intimidate first year anatomy and physiology students.
The style and formatting appear to be consistent throughout the entire book.
This is another category in which the book appears to do very well. The sections and subsections are logically divided. Instructors should be able to manipulate the order in which they deliver the material in their classes without decreasing the high quality of the overall presentation of the book.
The book is very organized. Chapter subsections are presented in a logical order, and each subsection begins with clearly stated learning objectives, and ends with review questions. Noteworthy, these review questions also include critical thinking style questions.
For this review, the book was accessed using the Firefox web browser (88.0.1) running on Mac OS 10.15.7. There did not appear to be any interface issues. All of the images were clear and free from distortion. Navigation from the Table of Contents and between chapters appeared flawless. The “Search In Book” feature worked well.
No grammatical errors were noted. British/Australian spelling is used throughout the book (e.g. Chapter 3, section 6 is titled, “Tissue Injury and Ageing”). Some terms known to differ by region, such as epinephrine and adrenaline, and norepinephrine and noradrenaline appear to have been used interchangeably.
The text does not appear to culturally insensitive or offensive. Many of the photographs used to support the learning objectives include people of a variety of races. In the context of anatomy and physiology, the term “sex” is conventionally preferred over the use of “gender”, however throughout the book the authors refer to gender-differences.
Overall, I would recommend this book as a supplement to teaching anatomy and physiology students who have relatively little previous exposure to the material. Potential inaccuracies and over-simplifications, such as those highlighted in this review, could be discussed in-class at the discretion of the instructor.
This textbook covers all of the material that I cover in my Human Anatomy and Physiology courses. The order in the Table of Contents is quite different from my current text. Additionally, I appreciate the comprehensive glossary but wish that... read more
This textbook covers all of the material that I cover in my Human Anatomy and Physiology courses. The order in the Table of Contents is quite different from my current text. Additionally, I appreciate the comprehensive glossary but wish that phonetic pronunciations were included in the glossary.
The chapters that I reviewed (muscle system, musculoskeletal system, and blood) were very accurate and included accurate photos or illustrations.
The content is up-to-date using the modern descriptive terms rather than older terms that included people's names.
It was well-written. The figures have clear explanations.
The format was consistent with important terms being in bold print and fundamental process figures included with all important physiology.
The modules were appropriate in size and the interactive nature of the review questions and the critical thinking questions is a welcome addition to any textbook.
The overall organization is good. Since our anatomy and physiology sequence is divided into two semesters, we cover bones and muscles early in the sequence. This book covers them after cardiovascular, respiratory and lymphatic systems.
The interface was easy to navigate and all of the material I reviewed was legible. However, many of the illustrations and photos seemed to be in low resolution and were a bit blurry.
I did not notice obvious grammatical errors.
The actual pictures depict different races and ethnicities.
I like anatomy textbooks with more actual human cadaver photos than this book. That is one of the reasons I chose to review the muscle chapter - to see if, located next to the illustrations, there might be cadaver photos. The use of actual photos make the material more "real" for the students. However, there are photomicrographs of the cells/tissues in these chapters and that is a welcome addition.
Table of Contents
- I. Levels of Organisation, Homeostasis and Nomenclature
- II. Cells and Reproduction
- III. Tissues, Organs, Systems
- IV. Integumentary System
- V. Blood
- VI. Cardiovascular System
- VII. Lymphatic System and Immunity
- VIII. Respiratory System
- IX. Muscle System
- X. Skeletal System
- XI. Musculoskeletal System
- XII. Digestive System
- XIII. Nervous System
- XIV. Endocrine System
- XV. Reproductive System
- XVI. Pregnancy and Human Development
- XVII. Urinary System
About the Book
The University of Southern Queensland (USQ) is committed to advancing the use of open textbooks in higher education. This textbook is a tool to support first year anatomy and physiology courses taught in Australia, aiming to provide students with an increased access to free, high-quality learning materials.
The material in this textbook is largely based on OpenStax’s Anatomy & Physiology textbook, however, has been modified for Australian course curriculum.
About the Contributors
Dr Anna Chruścik is an academic at the University of Southern Queensland, Springfield, Australia. Anna has taught courses in human anatomy and physiology; histopathology and cytology; techniques in comparative physiology; pathophysiology; cells, tissues and regeneration; metabolism; immunology; biomolecular sciences laboratory; biochemistry and biochemical pathways in Australian universities. Her research background focused on the relationship between transforming growth factor and colon cancer stem cells. Anna strives to excite and inspire students about science by providing relatable guidance, support and knowledge.
Dr Kate Kauter is an Associate Professor in biomedical science at the University of Southern Queensland. She has taught anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, pharmacology and microbiology to students from many disciplines including nursing, biomedical sciences, food sciences and agricultural sciences, among others. Kate has developed a number of digital activities to increase student interaction with these content areas and has deployed the use of current technologies, including use of 3D and animations in practical classes to inspire students’ learning. The latest venture is the provision of an open education resource for the study of anatomy and physiology to allow all students access to the fundamental information needed in the understanding of the human body.
Dr Eliza Whiteside is a biomedical science researcher and Associate Professor at the University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia. For the past two decades, Eliza has taught courses in introductory biomedical science, cell and molecular biology, anatomy and physiology, laboratory methods, pathophysiology and biotechnology in universities in Australia and in the United Kingdom. Eliza’s passion is in improving the lives of others through accessible knowledge building, using learning and teaching scholarship, research and community outreach. Her research background is investigating dysregulated cell biology in cancer and chronic wounds. Her community outreach includes cancer education to the public and ‘hands on’ science, particularly in underserved communities such as regional and remote schools.
Dr Louisa Windus is a lecturer and researcher in the school of Health and Wellbeing (Biomedical Sciences) at the University of Southern Queensland, Australia. Louisa has a passion for developing methods that foster engagement and empower students to learn. Outside of the classroom, Louisa’s research focusses on biomarkers or molecular factors that mediate cancer progression and growth. She has collaborated extensively with research institutes across Australia and has been influential in developing novel 3D in vitro models that have helped expediate the drug discovery pipeline.