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An Introduction to Philosophy

(2 reviews)

Russ Payne

Pub Date: 2015

Publisher: BCcampus

Language: English

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CC BY-NC

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Reviewed by Ivan Guajardo, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Virginia Western Community College on 4/1/19

There are different ways of introducing philosophy to newcomers, one is to present it as a living discipline defined by problems made more intelligible and relevant by tracing their historical roots. W. Russ Payne’s An Introduction to Philosophy... read more

 

Reviewed by Bassam Romaya, Philosophy Instructor , Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania on 3/7/19

As with most disciplines, philosophy comes with its own vast array of key terms, concepts, and vocabulary, which introductory students must learn in order to make sense of the discipline’s contributions and key debates (both past and present). The... read more

 

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • Chapter 1: What Philosophy Is
  • Chapter 2: How to do Philosophy
  • Chapter 3: Ancient Philosophy
  • Chapter 4: Rationalism
  • Chapter 5: Empiricism
  • Chapter 6: Philosophy of Science
  • Chapter 7: Philosophy of Mind
  • Chapter 8: Love and Happiness
  • Chapter 9: Meta Ethics
  • Chapter 10: Right Action
  • Chapter 11: Social Justice

About the Book

The goal of this text is to present philosophy to newcomers as a living discipline with historical roots. While a few early chapters are historically organized, the goal in the historical chapters is to trace a developmental progression of thought that introduces basic philosophical methods and frames issues that remain relevant today. Later chapters are topically organized. These include philosophy of science and philosophy of mind, areas where philosophy has shown dramatic recent progress. This text concludes with four chapters on ethics, broadly construed. Traditional theories of right action is covered in a third of these. Students are first invited first to think about what is good for themselves and their relationships in a chapter of love and happiness. Next a few meta-ethical issues are considered; namely, whether they are moral truths and if so what makes them so. The end of the ethics sequence addresses social justice, what it is for one's community to be good. Our sphere of concern expands progressively through these chapters. Our inquiry recapitulates the course of development into moral maturity. Over the course of the text, the author has tried to outline the continuity of thought that leads from the historical roots of philosophy to a few of the diverse areas of inquiry that continue to make significant contributions to our understanding of ourselves and the world we live in.

About the Contributors

Author

W. Russ Payne, Bellevue College