Basics of Fluid Mechanics
Pub Date: 2014
Publisher: Potto Project
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This book covers many basic and important concepts of fluid mechanics, such as fluid statics, potential flow, compressible flows in one-dimensional and two-dimensional, and multi-phase flow. They are adequate for an entry-level course. The title... read more
There only seemed to be an online version to review. If I compare this book against introductory undergraduate Fluid Mechanics texts such as Munson et al., Cengel and Cimbala, and Crowe et al., it is not comprehensive. I agree with a previous... read more
This book covers most of the basic material of an introductory course in fluid mechanics. However, some important topics such as vapor pressure, laminar and turbulent flow, and Buckingham Pi Theorem are not covered. Also, the book doesn't provide... read more
This book covers fluid mechanics with a review of thermodynamics and mechanics. Bernoulli's equation is derived without any examples to apply it. Also head loss, internal flow and external flow are not covered in this book. Surprisingly, the most... read more
The text provides a great initial open source documentation for fluid mechanics. I would like to take advantage of this book for my hydraulics and water resources engineering classes. For my classes, the control volume and dimensional analyses are... read more
The material cover in the book is a mixture of a basic fluid course, with a good review of thermodynamics and mechanics, with some higher level topics in fluids such as compressible flow and potential flow chapters. However, it ignores complete... read more
I am looking at this as a first textbook in fluid mechanics for undergraduate engineering students. While it covers most of the normal topics, there are a few significant omissions. In particular, boundary layers, laminar / turbulent /... read more
This book is intended to serve as an undergraduate textbook. Although it captures some core materials of fluid mechanics such as integral and differential analysis, it misses many important introductory concepts and materials that are suitable for... read more
Table of Contents
- 1 Introduction to Fluid Mechanics
- 2 Review of Thermodynamics
- 3 Review of Mechanics
- 4 Fluids Statics
I Integral Analysis
- 5 Mass Conservation
- 6 Momentum Conservation
- 7 Energy Conservation
II Differential Analysis
- 8 Differential Analysis
- 9 Dimensional Analysis
- 10 Potential Flow
- 11 Compressible Flow One Dimensional
- 12 Compressible Flow 2-Dimensional
- 13 Multi-Phase Flow
About the Book
The topic of fluid mechanics is common to several disciplines: mechanical engineering, aerospace engineering, chemical engineering, and civil engineering. In fact, it is also related to disciplines like industrial engineering, and electrical engineering. While the emphasis is somewhat different in this book, the common material is presented and hopefully can be used by all. One can only admire the wonderful advances done by the previous geniuses who work in this field. In this book it is hoped to insert, what and when a certain model is suitable than other models.
One of the difference in this book is the insertion of the introduction to multiphase flow. Clearly, multiphase is an advance topic. However, some minimal familiarity can be helpful for many engineers who have to deal with non pure single phase fluid.
This book is the third book in the series of POTTO project books. POTTO project books are open content textbooks so everyone are welcome to joint in. The topic of fluid mechanics was chosen just to fill the introduction chapter to compressible flow. During the writing it became apparent that it should be a book in its own right. In writing the chapter on fluid statics, there was a realization that it is the best chapter written on this topic. It is hoped that the other chapters will be as good this one.
This book is written in the spirit of my adviser and mentor E.R.G. Eckert. Eckert, aside from his research activity, wrote the book that brought a revolution in the education of the heat transfer. Up to Egret's book, the study of heat transfer was without any dimensional analysis. He wrote his book because he realized that the dimensional analysis utilized by him and his adviser (for the post doc), Ernst Schmidt, and their colleagues, must be taught in engineering classes. His book met strong criticism in which some called to "burn" his book. Today, however, there is no known place in world that does not teach according to Eckert's doctrine. It is assumed that the same kind of individual(s) who criticized Eckert's work will criticize this work. Indeed, the previous book, on compressible flow, met its opposition. For example, anonymous Wikipedia user name EMBaero claimed that the material in the book is plagiarizing, he just doesn't know from where and what. Maybe that was the reason that he felt that is okay to plagiarize the book on Wikipedia. These criticisms will not change the future or the success of the ideas in this work. As a wise person says "don't tell me that it is wrong, show me what is wrong"; this is the only reply. With all the above, it must be emphasized that this book is not expected to revolutionize the field but change some of the way things are taught.
The book is organized into several chapters which, as a traditional textbook, deals with a basic introduction to the fluid properties and concepts (under construction). The second chapter deals with Thermodynamics. The third book chapter is a review of mechanics. The next topic is statics. When the Static Chapter was written, this author did not realize that so many new ideas will be inserted into this topic. As traditional texts in this field, ideal flow will be presented with the issue of added mass and added forces (under construction). The classic issue of turbulence (and stability) will be presented. An introduction to multi-phase flow, not a traditional topic, will be presented next (again under construction). The next two chapters will deal with open channel flow and gas dynamics. At this stage, dimensional analysis will be present (again under construction).
About the Contributors
Genick Bar-Meir holds a Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from University of Minnesota and a Master in Fluid Mechanics from Tel Aviv University. Dr. Bar-Meir was the last student of the late Dr. R.G.E. Eckert. Much of his time has been spend doing research in the field of heat and mass transfer (related to renewal energy issues) and this includes fluid mechanics related to manufacturing processes and design. Currently, he spends time writing books (there are already three very popular books) and software for the POTTO project (see Potto Prologue). The author enjoys encouraging his students to understand the material beyond the basic requirements of exams.
In his early part of his professional life, Bar-Meir was mainly interested in elegant models whether they have or not a practical applicability. Now, this author’s views had changed and the virtue of the practical part of any model becomes the essential part of his ideas, books and software.
He developed models for Mass Transfer in high concentration that became a building block for many other models. These models are based on analytical solution to a family of equations. As the change in the view occurred, Bar-Meir developed models that explained several manufacturing processes such the rapid evacuation of gas from containers, the critical piston velocity in a partially filled chamber (related to hydraulic jump), application of supply and demand to rapid change power system and etc. All the models have practical applicability. These models have been extended by several research groups (needless to say with large research grants). For example, the Spanish Comision Interministerial provides grants TAP97-0489 and PB98-0007, and the CICYT and the European Commission provides 1FD97-2333 grants for minor aspects of that models. Moreover, the author’s models were used in numerical works, in GM, British industry, Spain, and Canada.