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Canadian History: Pre-Confederation

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John Belshaw, Thompson Rivers University

Pub Date: 2015

Publisher: BCcampus

Language: English

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Table of Contents

About the Book
Author's Notes
Chapter 1. When Was Canada?
1.1 Introduction
1.2 The Writing of History
1.3 Making Histories
1.4 The Current State of Historical Writing in Canada
1.5 Summary
Chapter 2. Aboriginal Canada before Contact
2.1 Introduction
2.2 History without Archives
2.3 The Aboriginal Americas
2.4 The Millennia before Contact
2.5 Languages, Cultures, Economies
2.6 Summary
Chapter 3. The Transatlantic Age
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Beginnings of Globalism
3.3 The Seafaring World of the 15th and 16th Centuries
3.4 England and France in the Age of Discovery
3.5 The Columbian Age
3.6 France in the Americas
3.7 Summary
Chapter 4. New France
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Acadia
4.3 Canada, 1608-1663
4.4 Wendake/Huronia and the Fur Trade
4.5 The Heroic Age of New France
4.6 Canada, 1663-1763
4.7 Canada and Catholicism
4.8 Louisiana and the Pays d'en Haut
4.9 War in the Pays d'en Haut
4.10 Summary
Chapter 5. Aboriginal Canada in the Era of Contact
5.1 Introduction
5.2 The Columbian Exchange
5.3 The Widowed Land
5.4 Strategic Encounters
5.5 Strategic Alliances
5.6 Belief and Culture: The Wendat Experience
5.7 The Five Nations: War, Population, and Diplomacy
5.8 Summary
Chapter 6. Intercolonial Rivalries, Imperial Ambitions, and the Conquest
6.1 Introduction
6.2 The British Colonies, ca.1600-1700
6.3 Competing Mercantile Economies
6.4 International Fisheries
6.5 The Plantation Colonies
6.6 Contrasting Farming Frontiers
6.7 Triangular Trade
6.8 The Fur Trade in Global Perspective
6.9 Colonial Conflict to 1713
6.10 Acadia 1713-1755
6.11 The Seven Years' War
6.12 Summary
Chapter 7. British North America at Peace and at War (1763-1818)
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Pyrrhic Victories
7.3 Government
7.4 Revolutionary British America
7.5 Interwar Years: The Atlantic Colonies
7.6 Interwar Years: The Canadas
7.7 Slavery
7.8 The War of 1812
7.9 Summary
Chapter 8. Rupert's Land and the Northern Plains, 1690-1870
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Northerners
8.3 Intrusions during the 17th Century
8.4 Commerce, Collusion, and Conflict in the 18th Century
8.5 The Montrealers versus the HBC
8.6 Fur Trade Wars
8.7 Cultural Change on the Plains
8.8 Fur Trade Society and the M├ętis
8.9 Community and Crisis at Red River
8.10 The New HBC and the New Nation to 1860
8.11 Environmental Apocaplyse
8.12 Summary
Chapter 9. Economic Transformation and Continuity, 1818-1860s
9.1 Introduction
9.2 The Dismal Science
9.3 British North America between the Wars
9.4 The Lower Canadian Economy
9.5 Building the Wheat Economy in Upper Canada
9.6 The Atlantic Colonies
9.7 The Canal Era
9.8 Economic and Social Change
9.9 Manufacturing, Railways, and Industry: Early Days
9.10 Reciprocity and Free Trade
9.11 Summary
Chapter 10. Societies of British North America to 1860
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Demographics
10.3 Immigration
10.4 Country Life
10.5 City Life
10.6 Social Classes
10.7 Gender Roles
10.8 Race and Racism
10.9 Education
10.10 Leisure and Recreation
10.11 Summary
Chapter 11. Politics to 1860
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Politics 1818-1860
11.3 Upper and Lower Canada
11.4 The Tory Oligarchy
11.5 Ultramontanism and Secularism
11.6 Republicanism in Canada
11.7 The Press
11.8 Labour and Its Discontents
11.9 Early Reformism and Reformers
11.10 Rebellions, 1837-38
11.11 Durham and Union
11.12 Responsible Government
11.13 Seats of Government
11.14 The 1850s
11.15 Aboriginal Politics at Mid-Century
11.16 Summary
Chapter 12. Children and Childhood
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Childhood in a Dangerous Time
12.3 Childhood in New France and Lower Canada
12.4 Childhood in the West
12.5 Children at Work
12.6 Childhood under Attack
12.7 Children as Historic Actors
12.8 Summary
Chapter 13. The Farthest West
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Aboriginal Societies in the 18th Century
13.3 Fur Trade and Empires
13.4 The Canadian Cordillera
13.5 Aboriginal Traders
13.6 Boundary Disputes and Manifest Destiny
13.7 Identity Crisis
13.8 The Island Colony
13.9 The Gold Colony
13.10 A Shrinking Aboriginal Landscape in the 1860s
13.11 Summary
Chapter 14. The 1860s: Confederation and Its Discontents
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Considering Confederation
14.3 Confederation as a Cure-All
14.4 Crafting a Constitution
14.5 Atlantic Canada and Confederation
14.6 Canada and the West
14.7 On the Brink of Industrialization
14.8 Summary
Appendix - Glossary
About the Author and Contributors

About the Book

Canadian History: Pre-Confederation is a survey text that introduces undergraduate students to important themes in North American history to 1867. It provides room for Aboriginal and European agendas and narratives, explores the connections between the territory that coalesces into the shape of modern Canada and the larger continent and world in which it operates, and engages with emergent issues in the field. The material is pursued in a largely chronological manner to the early 19th century, at which point social, economic, and political change are dissected. Canadian History: Pre-Confederation provides, as well, a reconnaissance of historical methodology and debates in the field, exercises for students, Key Terms and a Glossary, and section-by-section Key Points. Although this text can be modified, expanded, reduced, and reorganized to suit the needs of the instructor, it is organized so as to support learning, to broaden (and sometimes provoke) debate, and to engage students in thinking like historians. Written and reviewed by subject experts drawn from colleges and universities, this is the first open textbook on the topic of Canadian history.

About the Contributors


Dr. John Douglas Belshaw is an Open Learning faculty member at Thompson Rivers University, a consultant to the post-secondary sector, and a writer. He has authored, co-authored, and edited several books and articles on the history of British Columbia.