Six Steps To Job Search Success
Caroline Ceniza-Levine, SixFigureStart
Connie Thanasoulis-Cerrachio, SixFigureStart
Pub Date: 2011
ISBN 13: 978-1-4533172-5-9
Publisher: Saylor Foundation
Conditions of Use
The text introduces readers to a structure for approaching a job search. The first few chapters set the stage by focusing on where the reader is in read more
The text introduces readers to a structure for approaching a job search. The first few chapters set the stage by focusing on where the reader is in his/her process and an overview of the structure. The next chapters address each stage, starting with a search topic, resume and marketing tools development, research, networking, interviewing and negotiation. The text ends with a separate section on social media and ongoing career success. I appreciated that the table of contents clearly introduced the sub-topics of the chapter. Within each chapter, sub-sections had their own learning objectives, take-away points and exercises connected with the section. I feel that the text could have benefited from including information about assessing interests, skills and values in relation to determining job search goals as well as information for job search considerations and resources for specific groups (e.g. LGBT, veterans, differently-abled). In addition, the text begins by identifying 3 life situations a job seeker might find him/herself - in college and in search of an internship, recent college graduate and returning worker. These 3 categories felt somewhat limiting. I also think the text could have benefited from a better explanation of when to start a job search (e.g. don't wait until you graduate, start early) and how some aspects of job search (networking, assessing skills, etc.) never end. I found navigation to be fairly straightforward, though being able to link to the sub-section take-away points and exercises would have been nice.
The content appears mostly accurate, though some of the links, including the successhawk site referred to at the end of each chapter, did not work for me. I was also surprised to not see links to some of the more well-regarded and recognized career sites, such as Onet until quite far into the text. While not technically inaccurate to not include links to the Occupational Outlook Handbook, ONet or the Department of labor when talking about defining industries or budget/salary tools when discussing salary needs, it does seems like a big miss.
Some of the links and examples seemed out of date (e.g. link to a 2007 article, 2010 resume examples) and LinkedIn has changed their format/interface. It also seemed a bit awkward to have a chapter on social media presence in the job search process at the very end rather than integrated into the marketing section or as a stand alone chapter earlier in the text.
The text is fairly straightforward and accessible and I didn't notice anything that wouldn't be recognizable to someone interested in conducting a job search. I did find the text to be somewhat dry and it would have benefited from more case studies, profiles and real-life examples earlier in the text. It would have been nice if the authors had differentiated between a jobs and careers as they seem to use the terms interchangeably. I also wish that the exercises had been presented in a format that would have allowed students to build their own "portfolio" of information to build on - similar to what I suspect the "successhawk" site does (the link wouldn't work for me and required a fee for full use). A worksheet format for the exercises might have been helpful and made them a bit more engaging and useful.
Each chapter followed the same format. I did notice that not all the learning objectives aligned completely with their associated take-away points and exercises.
Each chapter is broken down into smaller sub-sections, each with their own learning objectives, take-away points and exercises that are a reasonable size. However, there is a fair amount of self-referencing including to future chapters. This is both awkward to refer to content that has yet to be covered and makes it hard to assign specific sections or chapters in isolation. In addition, the separate chapter on social media presence overlaps with information contained in other chapters yet is located at the end of the text. It might be helpful to move it up into the, "Setting the Stage" section or fully incorporate it into existing chapters.
Other than the issue mentioned previously about the social media section relegated to chapter 11, the text was well organized and flowed well.
The interface worked well for me with the exception of links not working (successhawk being the primary culprit). I do wish, however, that the text had included more visuals or interesting charts in the first few chapters.
I noticed no glaring grammatical errors.
While I did not notice anything culturally insensitive or offensive in this text, I do believe that the text could have gone farther to include the needs, challenges, resources and strategies for diverse popluations (e.g. veterans, POC, LGBT, differently-abled, previously incarcerated, etc.).
This text does a nice job presenting a structured approach to conducting a job search. In particular, the sections on networking, resumes, cover letters, pitches and marketing are well done. However, I can tell that this text was authored by 2 former recruiters as their point of view seems to be primarily from the corporate recruiter perspective and doesn't include much in the way of personal development, career development, self-awareness and/or meaningful work motivation. I suspect that if a career development professional who regularly works with students and other job seekers to help them find meaningful work had been included in the authorship the text might be more comprehensive. I also found the reliance upon an external link (which didn't work) for creating work products related to the text to be problematic and should be integrated into the exercises within the text and/or the creation of a resources section for each chapter that aligns with content.
The text is written in a fairly comprehensive manner that covers the topic. Each section is clearly outlined in the table of contents. Each chapter read more
The text is written in a fairly comprehensive manner that covers the topic. Each section is clearly outlined in the table of contents. Each chapter begins with an introduction, and learning objectives and concludes with a chapter review and related exercises. I would have liked to see a little more focus on interests, values and skills as related to job search decisions along side the discussions related to industry, geography, job type and function. Chapter 2 section 5 on evaluating Resources does not include an investigation of other barriers (hindrances) to the job search that might impact the search process, for example not driving, or other transportation issues, disabilities, (personal, social emotional, physical), family issues, etc. There is a fairly lengthy section on preparing for the process and discussion of work space and resources. How important is Space in the process? While the idea of time needed to conduct a successful job search was mentioned in regard to other things the job seeker may have to do, it could have been more clearly and directly discussed as a way of helping set expectations. This text included a lot of information related to the job search process and success on the job. If used for students they may or may not read all 400+ pages. In the PDF version of the document, no Table of Contents or index exists. and it is difficult to move between sections and chapters if one is not reading through section by section.
The content is fairly accurate, although there are some areas where the focus audience is not clear. The initial introductory statements focus on students, but then speaks about career changers, MBA's, graduate students, etc. It would be helpful The information and the intended audience base don't consistently match up throughout the book. While the information is not inaccurate, it is sometimes too general, or speaking too broadly. Early on the content is aimed at traditional college students. Aspects of the search process may not be as readily applicable to students at 2-year , or technical institutions, graduate students, and/or non- traditional job seekers.
There are some elements of the text that could be updated. While most information is relevant and doesn't change, there are some things that date the information: - Discussion of Resume Objective might be expanded to include Summary or Profile which is more current today - Resume Format information should also include Combination Format (most college students or career changers would not use functional format with no dates) - Resume examples with 2013 dates are already 4 years old and might not feel as current - As of December 2010, LinkedIn had ninety million members ( Section 11.1) it is now 2017 - Some of the terminology has changed portfolio vs e-portfolio, electronic portfolio, and thus makes the text seem somewhat outdated. As technology and trends change, the use of technology will continue to be a factor and issue. There are also some links and references to resources that are not active, accurate or operational. - http://www.successhawk.com - http://www.weddles.com/associations/index.cfm - Incorrect Link - http://www.bls.gov/oco - The use of screen shots for demonstrating technology resources will also change and cause the information to appear out of date or irrelevant.
There are several areas of the text that are unclear, not because of the tone, or use of jargon or technical terminology, but more so due to the confusion on target audience. For example in the chapters focusing on internships and on campus interview programs, the language is confusing and often mixes the audience. If the text was more target to a specific group or student population the general language use would be more clear. Some areas mention Liberal Arts students, others Business students, Graduate students, and even career changers. Much of the process is the same regardless of the group, but the language used must be more clear., Some of the examples and descriptions again are too specific since the audience is not clearly defined. Each institution, department, and job seeker status has a specific language and set of guidelines based on their needs. There are also several hyperlinks with definitions that serve as a helpful addition in the web version of the text to clarify meanings of words and vocabulary, but that feature is not available in the PDF version of the text. It would have also helped with issues of clarity to have more instruction with activities and exercises. Some seemed to leave it to the reader to determine how to best approach the tasks. Some activities or exercises could have benefited from a more visual representation of the desired outcome by using a worksheet page. Definitions of terms sometimes seemed to be based on the writers opinion versus a standard industry use of terms. For example Career Change vs job change ( example doesn’t exactly match common thought about career vs job change) and makes for a Confusing interchange of words (Career/job) Both changes require similar actions on the part of the job seeker. Overall, the language was simple and clear and the text was easy to read. Charts and graphs helped readers visualize the information and simplified explanations.
The structure and format of the text is consistent, however the learning objectives and take-a-ways did not always align one to one. It would have been helpful if the objectives for each chapter were summarized at the end of the chapter summary. The lack of specific target audience also impacted consistency. Writing for a specific group or audience would limit the need to try to include a little bit of everything, making some sections more or less complex.
Some sections of the text are easily and readily divisible into smaller reading sections that can be used on their own. There are however some sections that refer to examples or information from previous sections, or refer to later sections. If used in a modular way, the reader may not have access to or understanding of previous sections. Each should be written as a stand alone, and examples should be re-include in their entirety or new examples should be used with no reference to previous examples.
The text was presented in an organized and structured manner. The chapters present the process in an easy to follow structure, represented by chapters and subsections within the chapters. The steps with more content ( Chapters 4 & 5: Create a Compelling Marketing Campaign could have been dived so that Resume and Cover Letter were together followed by Pitch and Online Profile as those things are generally covered together. The charts and tables were helpful in summarizing material. The Exercises throughout the sections and at the end of the chapter are helpful, but perhaps would have been more helpful if they were all written in the same way and had clearer or more detailed instructions (i.e. Next Steps exercise on page 13 - Next Steps are often mentioned, but there is no clear definition or example of possible next steps, so the reader is left on his/her own to determine what might make sense as next steps.
The text is free of significant interface issues, and the hyperlink definitions in the online version are helpful. Those definitions, however do not translate to the PDF version. There are a few spacing issues and some inconsistency in links. Some are embedded and some are just listed. Some of the samples (Resume 4.9, Cover Letter 5.5) are too small to see and do not enlarge when looking at the web version of the text unless you hold CTRL and roll the mouse wheel. If users are working from other devices it might not be clear. As a reviewer I had to try several options to enlarge the samples ( a note on the page might help). There isn't an easy way to navigate between sections and in the online view you can only go chapters, or subsections, but still have to scroll to find what you are looking for,and can not easily find specific items tables, or charts.
The text contains no glaring grammatical errors, but there are a few instances of missing words. There perhaps should also be some citations to support facts and data shared (ie.: More than 100 million people are on LinkedIn ( no citation) )
The text for the most part is not culturally insensitive or offensive, but there are some areas where more diversity could be included in images, and examples used. There are general assumptions made about the users of the text, even though there are references to diverse academic paths and life stage users, most of the information doesn't really take those audiences into consideration. Chapter 2 sections that discuss confidence, poise and communication do not take into account cultural differences, and it seems that the general assumption is that the common users of the text are from the same cultural and ethnic background. There is no clear consideration for those readers dealing with job search and LGBTQ issues. updated versions of the text might consider including these considerations - (Easily added to Chapters on Life Considerations, Poise (dress), Creating Marketing Campaign, Interviewing, Trouble shooting) There is also a section 4.6 Other Resume Formats, that talks about CV. The language there is a bit judgmental and could be offensive " ...Some people interchange the word résumé with curriculum vitae (CV) Used internationally, particularly for research-oriented positions. A CV is often longer and more detailed than a résumé., which is incorrect because they are different items ..." This statement is the writers opinion and does not taking in to account cultural differences and terminology. This represents the American idea of resume vs CV, but internationally the term CV is more common and does refer to a standard resume (confusing if the reader is international).
There are many elements of the textbook that are useful and helpful in working with job seekers ( exercises, thought questions, and the 6 easy step process for job search). I appreciated the mention of Trends in the 21st Century Job Search, and the inclusion of extra curricular activities and the tables and charts to break down wordy sections of text and information. While the text seemed to be intended to apply to a large cross section there were a number of areas that didn't match that representation in the language and examples used (i.e. much talk about internships, but focused on for credit and paid opportunities; gave fairly specific details, but those details may not apply in all circumstances); Table 1.4 Translating College major to potential jobs mentioned many areas, but omitted Business,Engineering, Health Science, Education and some other areas related to major; as well the recruiting calendar focused on students at the junior, sophomore and freshman levels, but also mentioned specifically MBA students, but did not consider seniors, or other graduate students. I found these inconsistencies frustrating as I wasn't clear about the primary audience and how or for whom the text was intended to be used. In the discussion of job search it is important to have the job seeker also focus on some self assessment and evaluate his/her own personal interests, values and skills. This aspect of the job search process wasn't really discussed or included. It was not helpful to have the SuccessHawk tool tied to each section without also providing some type of introduction , or explanation to it's point or value. The link did not work, and the continued promotion of SuccessHawk and the Five O'Clock Club felt like unnecessary advertisements to resources that were not universally available and did not apply to the variety of audience due to cost and or access. A better solution might have been to include a Resource section with listings of resource options organized by cost and audience listed in an appendix outside of the main chapters of the text. The goal of the text is to share job search techniques with students so that they can take control of their job search using a practical approach that delivers results. There are many areas that directly relate to students, but there are also aspects of the text that might be more difficult for students to find as helpful depending on their age and stage of development, as well as varied backgrounds.
There is a very extensive, in-depth discussion on the job search topics, delving into the details and examining the various angles of a job search. read more
There is a very extensive, in-depth discussion on the job search topics, delving into the details and examining the various angles of a job search. Although the book’s title indicates six steps, these are just the major steps with a number of mini-steps to be taken within each step. Additional topics are also covered, including pre-job search activities, post-job search (on-the-job) activities, motivation, planning and organization. A student may or may not read all 400+ pages. In the PDF version of the document, no Table of Contents or index exists.
The content addresses the job search for a 4-year college student. A student working towards a two-year associate’s degree or a trade may need to examine other aspects in the job search which may or may not be addressed in this book.
The technology associated with a job search is covered, addressing LinkedIn, web searches, job web sites, etc. SuccessHawk.com (a web application) is mentioned that can help in the job search process. With any web site, the interface and contents may change and require some updating.
In the PDF version, it was sometimes difficult to discern the start of a new paragraph since the first line of the paragraph was not indented. For the most part, the content is easy to understand.
The text appears to be consistent in it’s terminology.
Each chapter starts with a review of the previously covered steps that lead into the next step. Because of the repetition of the material, the text does not need to be read sequentially from one chapter to the next. This repetitive review may or may not be a distraction to the reader who has read the previous chapters.
Some topics are discussed in detail in multiple chapters. For example, a job seeker’s marketing pitch was covered in Chapter 5 and Chapter 7. Addressing the topic in one place from multiple aspects is an alternative way of discussing a topic.
In the PDF version of the document, there are several instances of the figures overlaying each other thereby obscuring some information. For example, the sample resumes in Figures 4.4 and 4.5 overlapped and could not be completely read. But for the most part, the textbook interface was good.
A few editing errors were identified (missing spaces between some words, an unnecessary font change in the text, etc.) but these were minor issues that did not affect the overall subject matter.
The job search content is applicable to all people in the business world. Some of the subject matter may or may not be directly applicable to a student working towards a two-year associate’s degree or a trade. For example, the section on professional dress attire could possibly be expanded to include the trades or non-office environment where business attire is not applicable.
Six Steps to Job Search Success is an extremely comprehensive text that addresses many of the intersecting and complex variables that go into an read more
Six Steps to Job Search Success is an extremely comprehensive text that addresses many of the intersecting and complex variables that go into an effective job search. Each chapter systematically covers content from narrowing your career interests, to cultivating a personal brand, and strategically communicating about one's self as a job candidate. The six step model that accounts for a systematic job search is a clear and concise way to understand the necessary steps to finding work. In particular, each chapter does an excellent job summarizing key take aways and action steps that can be taken to move forward in one's search. An interactive table of contents would've made the text easier to navigate since it is likely that a reader might want to jump from chapter to chapter or section to section. There is no index or glossary, which makes navigating the text more difficult.
The information in the text is implicitly geared towards a white-collar, upper-/middle-class job seeker in the United States. This is important for reads to keep in mind. There are assumptions made about access to technology, computer literacy, and professional dress that convey this bias. This book could've more clearly addressed cultural influences on job searching in much more detail. With that said, this is a great book for U.S. students who are in majors and institutions of higher education that are pursuing traditionally corporate career paths. This book could also be used as a resource for junior and early mid-career professionals that are seeking a job change or who have had a gap in their employment history. The challenges addressed in the textbook for these audiences follow current employment trends.
This text should be relevant for years to come. There is content about job searching that is timeless including, but not limited to topics such as: developing a personal marketing campaign, mentoring, maintaining professional relationships, negotiating. However, the Chapter 11 information about social media use in the job search, while a necessary chapter in today's day and age, is time sensitive in nature. New media platforms emerge each year that could heavily influence the effectiveness of this chapter.
The text is easy to read and practical. The language is geared towards a business professional audience.
The format of the text is highly consistent. In addition, the language of the textbook follows commonplace job search jargon and language in the career management industry.
The modular structure is excellent. Each chapter is clearly structured with subheadings, section numbers, and titles. It would be easy to assign various sub-sections. Each sub-section could easily stand alone if an instructor decided to assign certain sections and not entire chapters. Every chapter has learning objectives, key take aways ,and exercises at the end, which help to facilitate engagement with the text overall. There are also a number of tables throughout the textbook, which help to concisely summarize information and increase the ease of comprehension.
The overall structure, organization, and flow of the text is logical, sequential, and coherent. The authors present a six step model to job search success. Chapters 1-2 introduce the audience for this book, summarize the model, and define key concepts. Chapters 3-10 clearly take the reader through each phase of the model in a systematic way. Chapters 11-12 wrap up the text with relevant job search information that is future-oriented and practical (i.e. social media and thriving and succeed at work).
There are some issues with format. A number of visual images are shown throughout the book that take up the majority of space on the page. Then near the margins of the visual there is a narrow column of text that is awkwardly juxtaposed to the image. The columns of text truncate words so that one word is split up onto two lines. This is very challenging to read disrupts the overall visual appeal. Examples of this can be found in Chapter 2 pgs 57-58; Chapter 3 pgs 60; Chapter 4 pgs 93, 98, 104, 107-108, 113-114, and 117, Chapter 5 pgs 129, 143, 154, and 158 ; Chapter 6 on pgs 163, 176, 177, and 189; Chapter 7 pgs 195 and 211; Chapter 8 pgs 229, 259, and 263; Chapter 9 pgs 274 and 283; Chapter 10 pgs 309, and 336, Chapter 11 pgs 343-344, 346, 354, 356, 362, 366, and 368; Chapter 12 376; 397, and 407.
I did not see any issues with grammar. This is a well-written text.
While the book does talk about issues of cultural different in regards to relocation and international students, I do believe that there could be better framing around the job search strategies as specific to a Western cultural context. Job searching is highly influenced by cultural norms, which could be addressed in much more detail. The book does privilege upper-/middle-class job search practices.
This book would serve as a great resource for many different types of job seekers. It captures the complexity and challenges of the job search process.
Chapters 1 and 2 provide setting the stage advice for a student's job seach process. Chapters 3 through 10 provide detailed strategies and techniques read more
Chapters 1 and 2 provide setting the stage advice for a student's job seach process. Chapters 3 through 10 provide detailed strategies and techniques for each of the six steps of the book's job search process. The first pages of Chapters 3 through 10 presents the common flowchart of the six step job search process along with an overview of the chapter details. Chapter 11 discusses the interface between social media tools and each of the six steps. Chapter 12 bridges the job search process with career success. The flow of content from overview to process to application is consistent with about 40-50 pages per chapter.
The advice the book provides about the job search process is accurate. The advice for what to do and what not to do behind each step of the job search process is relevant to current trends and expectations in the professional works. The addition of content for creating and a maintaining a network presence is also valuable for students.
The content in Chapter 5 detailing the purpose and use of a LinkedIn account may need updates pending tool changes. As well, Chapter 11 detailing with the use and management of social media tools in the job seach process may need update with tool changes. The content in the other chapters, however, should maintain its relevance and longetivity for students needing directional support in the job search process.
The terminology used in the book is sided more towards the business and industry profession. For a future teacher, the terminology may be a bit confusing and, therefore, a distraction.
The architecture of the book is consistent from subsections within the chapters to the chapters themselves. Along with the consistency of architecture is the consistent use of job search process terminology. The carry over of common words and concepts as well as architecture from one chapter to the next provides an effective pattern of learning.
Because of its architecture, the book is adaptable to a modular approach. Chapters 3-10 provide content for each step of the six step, sequential job search process. These chapters can be divided into individual blocks of text and referenced and/or reviewed independently at specific points of time during the flow of the unit or course.
The book uses a very practical approach to connect content from chapter to chapter. The use of the flowchart to emphasize the six step job search process begins each chapter with chapter headings highlighting the step under examination.The use of this visual display provides quick context for students in their reference and use of the book's advice, strategies and techniques.
The book does not present any interface issues including graphic distortion or white space excessiveness.
The book is free of grammatical errors.
The book's job search process's advice, strategies and techniques are sensitive to gender, sexual orientation, ethnicity and age.The job interview section in Chapter 8 also includes questions that are illegal to ask by interviewers.
The book is valuable for its collection of job search information into one package. Its ability to modularize also provides students quick access to information/
Table of Contents
- Chapter 1: Your Life Dictates Your Job Search, Not the Reverse
- Chapter 2: Overview of the Six-Step Job Search Process
- Chapter 3: Step 1: Identify Your Job Search Targets
- Chapter 4: Step 2: Create a Compelling Marketing Campaign, Part I: Résumé
- Chapter 5: Step 2 (Continued): Create a Compelling Marketing Campaign, Part II: Cover Letter, Pitch, and Online Profile
- Chapter 6: Step 3: Conduct In-Depth Research
- Chapter 7: Step 4: Network Effectively
- Chapter 8: Step 4 (Continued): Master the Interview
- Chapter 9: Step 5: Stay Motivated and Organized and Troubleshoot Your Search
- Chapter 10: Step 6: Negotiate and Close Your Offer
- Chapter 11: Social Media and the Job Search
- Chapter 12: From Job Search Success to Career Success
About the Book
About the Contributors
Caroline Ceniza-Levine, career coach, writer, speaker, multigenerational workplace expert, and cofounder of SixFigureStart, has sixteen years of experience in professional services as a management consultant and executive and corporate recruiter. She has recruited for leading companies in media, financial services, management consulting, pharmaceuticals, and technology. Caroline is a career columnist for CNBC.com, Vault.com, Wetfeet.com, and Forbes.com and an adjunct assistant professor of professional development at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs. Caroline is a coauthor (along with Donald Trump, Jack Canfield, and others) of the best-selling How the Fierce Handle Fear: Secrets to Succeeding in Challenging Times. Her career advice and job market insights have been extensively quoted, including mentions in NBCNews.com, CBS Moneywatch, BusinessWeek, CareerBuilder, Christian Science Monitor, Newsweek, Real Simple, NPR, and the Associated Press. Caroline is a 2010 grant recipient of the Jones New York Empowerment Fund. An extreme career changer, Caroline started her career as a conservatory-trained classical pianist. She currently stays active in the arts, performing improvisational theater and stand-up. Caroline is a graduate of Barnard College, Columbia University.
Connie Thanasoulis-Cerrachio, career coach, writer, speaker, Gen Y expert, and cofounder of SixFigureStart, has a twenty-five-year career with leading Fortune 500 companies including Merrill Lynch, Pfizer, and Citigroup. Most recently, Connie was the chief operating officer for Merrill Lynch Campus Recruiting, where she helped to streamline the campus recruiting efforts in the United States with that of Europe and the Pacific Rim regions. Connie is a career columnist for CNBC.com, Vault.com, Wetfeet.com, and Crain’s New York Business and teaches professional development at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs. Her career advice and job market insights have been extensively quoted, including mentions in ABCNews.com, Crain’s New York Business, BusinessWeek, Forbes.com, and WNYC. Prior to recruiting, Connie held a variety of positions in both marketing and sales. Connie enjoys scuba diving, tennis, quilting, and having fun with her husband, Ron, and their dog, Sophie. She also has an irrational but passionate preference of Nadal over Federer. Connie is a graduate of New York University.