Analyzing meaning: An introduction to semantics and pragmatics

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Paul Kroeger, Dallas, Texas

Pub Date: 2018

ISBN 13: 978-3-9611003-4-7

Publisher: Independent

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CC BY

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Table of Contents

I. Foundational concepts

  • Chapter 1: The meaning of meaning
  • Chapter 2: Referring, denoting, and expressing
  • Chapter 3: Truth and inference
  • Chapter 4: The logic of truth

II. Word meanings

  • Chapter 5: Word senses
  • Chapter 6: Lexical sense relations
  • Chapter 7: Components of lexical meaning

III. Implicature

  • Chapter 8: Grice's theory of Implicature
  • Chapter 9: Pragmatic inference after Grice
  • Chapter 10: Indirect Speech Acts
  • Chapter 11: Conventional implicature and use-conditional meaning

IV. Compositional semantics

  • Chapter 12: How meanings are composed
  • Chapter 13: Modeling compositionality
  • Chapter 14: Quantifiers
  • Chapter 15: Intensional contexts

V. Modals, conditionals, and causation

  • Chapter 16: Modality
  • Chapter 17: Evidentiality
  • Chapter 18: Because
  • Chapter 19: Conditionals

VI. Tense & aspect

  • Chapter 20: Aspect and Aktionsart
  • Chapter 21: Tense
  • Cahpter 22: Varieties of the Perfect

References

Index

About the Book

This book provides an introduction to the study of meaning in human language, from a linguistic perspective. It covers a fairly broad range of topics, including lexical semantics, compositional semantics, and pragmatics. The chapters are organized into six units: (1) Foundational concepts; (2) Word meanings; (3) Implicature (including indirect speech acts); (4) Compositional semantics; (5) Modals, conditionals, and causation; (6) Tense & aspect.

Most of the chapters include exercises which can be used for class discussion and/or homework assignments, and each chapter contains references for additional reading on the topics covered.

As the title indicates, this book is truly an INTRODUCTION: it provides a solid foundation which will prepare students to take more advanced and specialized courses in semantics and/or pragmatics. It is also intended as a reference for fieldworkers doing primary research on under-documented languages, to help them write grammatical descriptions that deal carefully and clearly with semantic issues. The approach adopted here is largely descriptive and non-formal (or, in some places, semi-formal), although some basic logical notation is introduced. The book is written at level which should be appropriate for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students. It presupposes some previous coursework in linguistics, but does not presuppose any background in formal logic or set theory.

About the Contributors

Author(s)

Paul Kroeger is a Professor of Applied Linguistics at the Graduate Institute of Applied Linguistics in Dallas, Texas, and a Senior Linguistic Consultant for SIL International. He is the author of Phrase structure and grammatical relations in Tagalog (1993, CSLI); Analyzing syntax: a lexical-functional approach (2004, Cambridge University Press); and Analyzing grammar: an introduction (2005, Cambridge University Press). He holds a Ph.D. in Linguistics from Stanford University. His research has focused primarily on the syntax and semantics of Western Malayo-Polynesian languages, with a particular interest in languages of Borneo.