Human Anatomy and Physiology Preparatory Course
Carlos Liachovitzky, Bronx Community College
Pub Date: 2015
Publisher: CUNY Academic Works
Conditions of Use
This cannot be used for a stand alone course. Although it would be somewhat useful as a review tool for students entering an A&P course taught for read more
This cannot be used for a stand alone course. Although it would be somewhat useful as a review tool for students entering an A&P course taught for allied health sciences (nursing, PTA, surgical technology, etc), it is too simplistic and does not contain enough detail. Some information is vague to the point of inaccuracy. Please see below in "Accuracy" section for specific information. I do think with addition to this text it could be very useful as a preparatory tool.
There are some significant inaccuracies due to "simplification." The definition of an atom should be more concrete. The explanation of atomic mass is incorrect and leaves out a discussion of isotopes altogether (which are important clinically). The initial definition of a covalent bond is incorrect. The description of pH is too simplistic and does not explain the difference between units. The definition and description of buffers is incorrect/incomplete initially; although it gives a better description later in the text, this would be difficult for a student to discern which is correct. No description of primary, secondary, or tertiary structure in the description of proteins. No discussion of shape and action in enzymes section-this is A&P at its most basic, but this is ignored. Figure 3.28c indicates that the sugar in DNA is ribose. The link to a review of DNA is quite good but far too complicated given the level of the material in this text. The description of organelle function is incredibly incomplete. No discussion of processes of basic cell function like transcription, translation or mitosis. The unit on organ systems is also too brief. There should at the very least be a list of the organs involved in each system and a bit more detail as to overall function to truly call this a "unit"
It would be difficult for an A&P text to become obsolete. This is a good start. Additions to the text would be very welcome.
Too simplistic of explanations. Reiteration of definitions would lead to confusion on the part of students. The Study Questions at the end of each Learning Objective are simply asking the student to parrot what they read above, not to synthesize ideas. An "Answer Key" at the end would be appropriate if the questions had greater detail.
The framework is very consistent, as is the language and "voice."
I think the modules are appropriate in their headings. I think the Unit on organs is much too short and vague. I think the Introduction Unit should contain information about directions, names of regions and body parts (i.e., the neck is "cervical"), planes and cavities.
Although I think the overall topic organization makes sense and is typical of nearly all A&P books, I did find the organization within some modules to be confusing. For example, Figures 2.1 and 2.2 depict atomic structure in ways that are artistic more than accurate. Proper orbital structure diagrams are used later in the unit-they should be included from the first. A student with no previous knowledge would be unable to tell which is correct and would possibly learn the incorrect forms instead of the correct forms. The link for valence orbits is very nice. The description of a base is not very appropriate for living cells, but more for a chemistry class. I liked the description of functional groups as well as the information on carbohydrates and lipids. I would have liked to see more connection to the "real world" and depiction of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. A table delineating the differences between DNA and RNA would be helpful to students.
I found the giant blue "this content is available for free" very distracting. I cannot emphasize that enough. I could not access the quizzes so cannot comment on them.
A few grammar issues here and there-nothing too disturbing.
Not really applicable because it is about the way the body functions. However, all images of humans are depictions of Caucasians.
The video link for water and hydrogen bonds was very nice. The text regarding organelles should be beefed up and organized in a fashion that makes it easy to see a description of each individual and its function. A unit on study skills would be appropriate.
This book's title does not give the scope of the material but reading the description provides more information. The book covers an introduction to read more
This book's title does not give the scope of the material but reading the description provides more information. The book covers an introduction to homeostasis, chemistry, biochemistry and cells. It adds in a very brief introduction of the organ systems at the end. I would almost like to see a subtitle that indicates where the books stops in terms of the A&P concepts. Having said that, once I saw the more complete description and module titles, it was clear to me what material was being covered. The material presented in the book is comprehensive and to the depth needed to prepare students for the initial weeks of an A&P course.
I found the book contained the major concepts that need to be covered and topics were covered accurately.
This book provides the fundamentals for an A&P course- meaning the chemistry, biochemistry and cell biology necessities as well as concepts related to homeostasis. The text could be updated easily (i.e. if additional information about organelles needed to be included) if needed.
This is a very nice introduction to a variety of concepts. The material is summarized and written in a clear, concise manner.
The book uses terminology consistently and flows from one topic to the next.
I like the number of modules in this book. Students (and professors) can easily chunk the material into manageable segments.
This books starts and overview of A&P and homeostasis and then continues with chemistry and builds through biochemistry into cells. At the end it overviews the organ systems. This is a very logical way to present the material.
I did get confused in accessing this book. I chose online access and then was directed to a .pdf. There was a note about accessing quizzes but when clicking on the link I was taken to an actual course. If I was to use this book, I would encourage the use of the .pdf version.
There are very few opportunities include "a variety of races, ethnicities and backgrounds" as most of the images are chemical structures and diagrams. The few images of human systems did appear to be Caucasian.
I chose to review this book hoping it may be used in an Introduction to A&P class (taken by health data management students) which is a lower level course than the nursing A&P course. The information in this book would be a great substitute for about half of my semester. I would love to see additional modules that introduce each organ system in a little more depth. That was not the objective of this book however, and I will consider using this book along with additional resources. I do recommend this book.
The reference material is very well organized with clearly outline objectives. Each chapter is well outlined and indexed. It is designed to support read more
The reference material is very well organized with clearly outline objectives. Each chapter is well outlined and indexed. It is designed to support a preparatory course and this may be very useful for students planning to take a 100 level Anatomy and Physiology course but it would not be enough background to prepare a student for a 200 level course without some additional support. The topic introductions are very basic and an instructor might find that more work would need to be done to have a student prepared to understand the complexities of membrane transport or protein structure. Introductory chemistry is covered at a very basic level as are cellular organelles. Cellular respiration is not covered nor are concepts like transcription and translation.
The content is good. There are a few places where it is simplified enough that an instructor might want to make sure that the student did not come away with assumptions that were not correct. For example atomic weight and mass number are presented as equivalent. This is not correct. However, most of the issues are with a beginning explanation that was very simple and it is hard to do that when the process or structure is not as simple.
The content is basic enough that it is unlikely to date quickly. It is very clearly written and very well supported with good diagrams.
This text is very readable.
The framework is clear and very consistent.
The text is very well organized into units. It would be very reasonable to give as pre-reading. An instructor could also easily add in the detail required to support their course if need be. The text is nicely formatted.
The organization is standard for an introductory textbook and flows logically.
There were a few minor issues with some of the visuals e.g. figure 3.18 is missing some bonds, but overall the visuals are clear. Navigating the chapters is easy. Accessing the quizzes is also straightforward and well-explained.
No grammatical errors were noted
The text did not appear to be culturally insensitive or offensive in any way. The basic chemistry presented did not lend itself to the use of inclusive examples. It was a very basic introduction and did not provide much in the way of contextual narrative.
This would not be a candidate for a text for a term long class that was a prerequisite for Anatomy and Physiology but it was not designed to do that. It is designed to be a brief introduction to some of the topics that Anatomy and Physiology students need.
Table of Contents
HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I PREPARATORY COURSE
UNIT 1 - INTRODUCTION TO ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
- MODULE 1: LEVELS OF ORGANIZATION OF THE HUMAN ORGANISM
- MODULE 2: WHAT IS HUMAN ANATOMY, WHAT IS HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY
- MODULE 3: HOMEOSTASIS AND CONTROL SYSTEMS
UNIT 2 – INTRODUCTION TO ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHEMICAL BUILDING BLOCKS
- MODULE 1: ATOMS
- MODULE 2: CHEMICAL BONDS
- MODULE 3: WATER
- MODULE 4: ACIDS AND BASES
UNIT 3 – MOLECULAR LEVEL: BIOMOLECULES, THE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS ASSOCIATED WITH LIVING ORGANISMS
- MODULE 1: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
- MODULE 2: CHEMICAL REACTIONS
- MODULE 3: CARBOHYDRATES
- MODULE 4: LIPIDS
- MODULE 5: PROTEINS
- MODULE 6: NUCLEIC ACIDS
UNIT 4 SMALLEST LEVEL OF COMPLEXITY ALIVE: CELLS, THEIR STRUCTURES AND FUNCTIONS
- MODULE 1: CELL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
UNIT 5 HIGHER LEVELS OF COMPLEXITY: ORGANS AND SYSTEMS
- MODULE 1: ORGANS AND SYSTEMS OF THE HUMAN ORGANISM
About the Book
The overall purpose of this preparatory course textbook is to help students familiarize with some terms and some basic concepts they will find later in the Human Anatomy and Physiology I course. The organization and functioning of the human organism generally is discussed in terms of different levels of increasing complexity, from the smallest building blocks to the entire body. This Anatomy and Physiology preparatory course covers the foundations on the chemical level, and a basic introduction to cellular level, organ level, and organ system levels. There is also an introduction to homeostasis at the beginning.
About the Contributors
Carlos Liachovitzky is a Professor in the Biology department at Bronx Community College, Bronx, NY