Introduction to Psychology – 1st Canadian Edition

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Jennifer Walinga, Royal Roads University

Pub Date: 2010

ISBN 13:

Publisher: BCcampus

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Table of Contents

About the Book
Approach and Pedagogy
Acknowledgments
Dedication
Chapter 1. Introducing Psychology

  • 1. Introducing Psychology
  • 1.1 Psychology as a Science
  • 1.2 The Evolution of Psychology: History, Approaches, and Questions
  • 1.3 Chapter Summary

Chapter 2. Introduction to Major Perspectives

  • 2. Introduction to Major Perspectives
  • 2.1 Biological Psychology
  • 2.2 Psychodynamic Psychology
  • 2.3 Behaviourist Psychology
  • 2.4 Humanist, Cognitive, and Evolutionary Psychology
  • 2.5 Chapter Summary

Chapter 3. Psychological Science

  • 3. Psychological Science
  • 3.1 Psychologists Use the Scientific Method to Guide Their Research
  • 3.2 Psychologists Use Descriptive, Correlational, and Experimental Research Designs to Understand Behaviour
  • 3.3 You Can Be an Informed Consumer of Psychological Research
  • 3.4 Chapter Summary

Chapter 4. Brains, Bodies, and Behaviour

  • 4. Brains, Bodies, and Behaviour
  • 4.1 The Neuron Is the Building Block of the Nervous System
  • 4.2 Our Brains Control Our Thoughts, Feelings, and Behaviour
  • 4.3 Psychologists Study the Brain Using Many Different Methods
  • 4.4 Putting It All Together: The Nervous System and the Endocrine System
  • 4.5 Chapter Summary

Chapter 5. Sensing and Perceiving

  • 5. Sensing and Perceiving
  • 5.1 We Experience Our World through Sensation
  • 5.2 Seeing
  • 5.3 Hearing
  • 5.4 Tasting, Smelling, and Touching
  • 5.5 Accuracy and Inaccuracy in Perception
  • 5.6 Chapter Summary

Chapter 6. States of Consciousness

  • 6. States of Consciousness
  • 6.1 Sleeping and Dreaming Revitalize Us for Action
  • 6.2 Altering Consciousness with Psychoactive Drugs
  • 6.3 Altering Consciousness without Drugs
  • 6.4 Chapter Summary

Chapter 7. Growing and Developing

  • 7. Growing and Developing
  • 7.1 Conception and Prenatal Development
  • 7.2 Infancy and Childhood: Exploring and Learning
  • 7.3 Adolescence: Developing Independence and Identity
  • 7.4 Early and Middle Adulthood: Building Effective Lives
  • 7.5 Late Adulthood: Aging, Retiring, and Bereavement
  • 7.6 Chapter Summary

Chapter 8. Learning

  • 8. Learning
  • 8.1 Learning by Association: Classical Conditioning
  • 8.2 Changing Behaviour through Reinforcement and Punishment: Operant Conditioning
  • 8.3 Learning by Insight and Observation
  • 8.4 Using the Principles of Learning to Understand Everyday Behaviour
  • 8.5 Chapter Summary

Chapter 9. Remembering and Judging

  • 9. Remembering and Judging
  • 9.1 Memories as Types and Stages
  • 9.2 How We Remember: Cues to Improving Memory
  • 9.3 Accuracy and Inaccuracy in Memory and Cognition
  • 9.4 Chapter Summary

Chapter 10. Intelligence and Language

  • 10. Intelligence and Language
  • 10.1 Defining and Measuring Intelligence
  • 10.2 The Social, Cultural, and Political Aspects of Intelligence
  • 10.3 Communicating with Others: The Development and Use of Language
  • 10.4 Chapter Summary

Chapter 11. Emotions and Motivations

  • 11. Emotions and Motivations
  • 11.1 The Experience of Emotion
  • 11.2 Stress: The Unseen Killer
  • 11.3 Positive Emotions: The Power of Happiness
  • 11.4 Two Fundamental Human Motivations: Eating and Mating
  • 11.5 Chapter Summary

Chapter 12. Personality

  • 12. Personality
  • 12.1 Personality and Behaviour: Approaches and Measurement
  • 12.2 The Origins of Personality
  • 12.3 Is Personality More Nature or More Nurture? Behavioural and Molecular Genetics
  • 12.4 Chapter Summary

Chapter 13. Defining Psychological Disorders

  • 13. Defining Psychological Disorders
  • 13.1 Psychological Disorder: What Makes a Behaviour Abnormal?
  • 13.2 Anxiety and Dissociative Disorders: Fearing the World Around Us
  • 13.3 Mood Disorders: Emotions as Illness
  • 13.4 Schizophrenia: The Edge of Reality and Consciousness
  • 13.5 Personality Disorders
  • 13.6 Somatoform, Factitious, and Sexual Disorders
  • 13.7 Chapter Summary

Chapter 14. Treating Psychological Disorders

  • 14. Treating Psychological Disorders
  • 14.1 Reducing Disorder by Confronting It: Psychotherapy
  • 14.2 Reducing Disorder Biologically: Drug and Brain Therapy
  • 14.3 Reducing Disorder by Changing the Social Situation
  • 14.4 Evaluating Treatment and Prevention: What Works?
  • 14.5 Chapter Summary

Chapter 15. Psychology in Our Social Lives

  • 15. Psychology in Our Social Lives
  • 15.1 Social Cognition: Making Sense of Ourselves and Others
  • 15.2 Interacting With Others: Helping, Hurting, and Conforming
  • 15.3 Working With Others: The Costs and Benefits of Social Groups
  • 15.4 Chapter Summary

Chapter 16. Stress, Health, and Coping

  • 16. Health, Stress, and Coping
  • 16.1 Health and Stress
  • 16.2 Stress and Coping
  • 16.3 Stress, Health, and Coping in the Workplace
  • 16.4 Chapter Summary

About the Authors

About the Book

This book is designed to help students organize their thinking about psychology at a conceptual level. The focus on behaviour and empiricism has produced a text that is better organized, has fewer chapters, and is somewhat shorter than many of the leading books. The beginning of each section includes learning objectives; throughout the body of each section are key terms in bold followed by their definitions in italics; key takeaways, and exercises and critical thinking activities end each section.

About the Contributors

Author(s)

Adapting Author Jennifer Walinga, PhD, is the Director of the the School of Communication and Culture at Royal Roads University in Victoria, British Columbia. After teaching English for 20 years, she combined her passion for communication and athletics in pursuing an MA in Leadership where her research focused on the impact of experiential training programs.