Spatial Thinking in Planning Practice: An Introduction to GIS
Yiping Fang, Portland State University, Portland, OR
Vivek Shandas, Portland State University
Eugenio Cordero, Portland State University
Pub Date: 2014
ISBN 13: 978-1-3127789-8-6
Publisher: Portland State University Library
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Conditions of Use
The authors present a moderately detailed explanation of the common areas for an introduction to geographic information systems class. Further read more
The authors present a moderately detailed explanation of the common areas for an introduction to geographic information systems class. Further details for the topics are linked at the end of the sections and that helps bring additional content to the user. I was hoping for more content with some of the sections, but as an introduction book, this can be added by the users.
The content presented is accurate although I would present a few of the topics in a different order.
The topics outlined are mainstays in this field. The authors don't do into web technologies, but I think that may be helpful to mention disseminating data.
The text is very easy to read and isn't filled with complex terms (that is somewhat typical in this field).
Terminology is consistent across the chapters.
With additional links and study areas, the content can be expanded quickly.
A couple of the topics (Chapter 2), could be moved around to be organized better for real world knowledge.
I enjoyed the visuals (some need to be a little higher resolution) and the flow of the book was smooth.
The text is neutral.
The textbook presents more of a summary of fundamental GIS topics than it does a comprehensive review of the material. However, this is exactly what read more
The textbook presents more of a summary of fundamental GIS topics than it does a comprehensive review of the material. However, this is exactly what is needed and is perfect for an introduction course in GIS. Chapter 1 provides a nice background about how the concepts of GIS have actually been around for a very long time, but is now handled more efficiently with computer technology. It provides an overview of raster and vector data and extended descriptions of points, lines, and polygons. It gives an excellent description of data categories (for levels of measurement) and their possible analytic operations. Chapter 2 presents a good discussion of map projections and the graticule and explains about the choices of projection based on least distortion. This section explains how even though GIS software can convert projections on the fly, it is still important for the student to understand the reasons for the projections they will use. It also gives a good explanation of commonly used UTM and State Plane projections and a quick overview of most common datums: NAD27, NAD83, and WGS84 which is commonly used in most GPS devices. Chapter 3 presents a good definition of topology as a field of mathematical relationships between nodes, edges, and faces with descriptions of each and how they share their geometry. Chapter 4 gives an overview section on viewer's perception of different types of thematic maps that are available. It explains in a very simply way single point, dot density, graduated symbol, pie chart, bar chart, choropleth maps and how patterns can be recognized and interpreted by viewers more easily. Chapter 5-9 discuss additional GIS topics that are detailed in other references and encourages the students to review those texts.
The textbook accurate on the GIS topics presented and cites the references for further review.
The text content is currently up to date and relevant in the GIS field. However, since GIS is based on growing and ever changing technology some chapters may need to be revised and updated at times to include new technology. The text is laid out with chapters 4 presenting fundamentals and chapters 5-9 presenting summaries of other texts that can should be reviewed for full details. This layout can easily be updated as technology changes.
The textbook is written such that a beginning student without previous or technical knowledge of GIS can understand. The definitions and explanations given in the beginning chapters are clear and concise.
The beginning chapters present some fundamentals of GIS that are absolutely necessary for any student beginning to learn how to use GIS. However, chapters 5-9 give a brief summary of other topics presented in other texts and encourage the reader to view those references for more in depth detail. This switch in style does tend to break the consistency in reading just a bit. But I do find that it entices the reader to review the additional references.
This text can definitely be divided and used in preparation of individual lectures in an introductory GIS course. None of the chapters present material that is not needed and the order is as expected for teaching students that are just learning about GIS. It laid out in a manner that is already organized and can follow along with introductory course lecture notes.
The first four chapters take the beginning student through fundamentals necessary for GIS work. The last chapters however lead the student to other references for an in depth review. Although still logical and clear, this switch does disrupt the flow of the text a bit. The was one topic that was not discussed that would definitely be useful to the beginning GIS student. I believe it would be helpful to have a section on scale. Scale is a topic that often confuses student when creating maps as well as understanding how some maps may have scale issues that can impact how results are interpreted.
There were no interface issues, navigation problems, distortion of images, or any other distractions noticed.
Only one typographical error and no grammatical errors were noticed.
This textbook does not have any cultural influence of any kind.
I plan to use this textbook in a Civil Engineering GIS Applications course. The first four chapters are perfect for the student with no previous GIS knowledge. These chapters will help the student understand different data models, proper use of projections, topology, and the different types of thematic maps.
This text covers many areas of GIS within planning practice. The basics of GIS are presented substantially more strongly than their connection to read more
This text covers many areas of GIS within planning practice. The basics of GIS are presented substantially more strongly than their connection to planning; however, there are hyperlinked readings that provide nice examples for the applications. I do think the presentation of GIS ideas within the framework of urban planning is a helpful innovation. In many cases, the concepts are not presented in a stand-alone manner within the text, but would require the lecturer to clarify ideas. For example, many terms are introduced without adequate definitions for beginning students. There is no index or glossary, but there is a table of contents and the text is searchable.
The content is accurate and without bias. There are some typos.
The text is certainly relevant and will be easily updated and ideally more fleshed out.
There is a fair amount of variance in the clarity of the text. As I noted earlier, there are a lot of terms that are introduced without adequate definitions which would, I think, be difficult for a student first encountering the material. The beginning sections are very clear while the latter sections are less so.
The text is consistent in terms of terminology, but there are many some cases where a list does not align with the text that is supposed to accompany it. For example, the discussion of types of projects, a key topic for using GIS, is not consistent with the list that precedes it on the same topic.
The text is certainly modular, There are some sections I feel are much stronger than other and would be more likely to assign.
The beginning is very strong, but the organization suffers in the later chapters - particularly those that address application in planning practice.
I think this is fine.
Some small lack of subject verb agreement.
The book is not insensitive in any way.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Defining a Geographic Information System
Chapter 2: Coordinate Systems and Projecting GIS Data
Chapter 3: Topology and Creating Data
Chapter 4: Mapping People with Census Data
Chapter 5: Lying with Maps
Chapter 6: To Standardize or Not to Standardize?
Chapter 7: Geographic Considerations in Planning Practice.
Chapter 8: Manipulating GIS Data
Chapter 9: Raster Data Models
Chapter 10: The Future of GIS
About the Book
The goals of this textbook are to help students acquire the technical skills of using software and managing a database, and develop research skills of collecting data, analyzing information and presenting results. We emphasize that the need to investigate the potential and practicality of GIS technologies in a typical planning setting and evaluate its possible applications. GIS may not be necessary (or useful) for every planning application, and we anticipate these readings to provide the necessary foundation for discerning its appropriate use. Therefore, this textbook attempts to facilitate spatial thinking focusing more on open-ended planning questions, which require judgment and exploration, while developing the analytical capacity for understanding a variety of local and regional planning challenges.
While this textbook provides the background for understanding the concepts in GIS as applicable to urban and regional planning, it is best when accompanied by a hands-on tutorial, which will enable readers to develop an in-depth understanding of the specific planning applications of GIS. In the end of each chapter, we also provided several discussion questions, together with contextual applications through some web links.
About the Contributors
Yiping Fang is an Assistant Professor of Urban Studies and Planning at Portland State University. Her research and teaching examines spatial structures from social sciences' perspective, focusing on China's urbanization, and other international urban development challenges. Dr. Fang has an undergraduate degree in Architecture, Masters in Urban planning from Tsinghua University in Beijing, and completed her PhD in Design and Planning at the University of Colorado. Prior to joining Portland State, she worked as a research associate at Brown University (Rode Island), and an academic staff at Erasmus University (Rotterdam, the Netherlands).
Vivek Shandas is an Associate Professor of Urban Studies and Planning at Portland State University. His research and teaching interests focus on the intersection of humans, their biophysical environment, and the role of institutions in guiding the growth of urban areas. Dr. Shandas has an undergraduate degree in Biology, Masters in Economics, and Environmental Management and Policy, and completed his PhD at the University of Washington. Prior to joining Portland State, he worked as an outdoor school teacher (Oregon), grade-school curriculum developer (California), and a policy analyst and regional planner (New York).
Eugenio Arriaga is an doctoral candidate in Urban Studies and Planning at Portland State University. His areas of research are sustainable transportation –with an emphasis on bicycling; access to public transit; and the role of the built environment on gendered travel behavior and how it vary by class, race, and family structure. Eugenio has an undergraduate degree in Law, a Masters in Sustainable International Development from Brandeis University, and a Masters in Public Management from ITESO University. Before starting his PhD in Portland he worked for the city of Guadalajara in Mexico in the fields of social policy, cultural affairs, city planning, and active transportation, where he was responsible of the construction of the first segregated cycle-track.